BLACK HUMOR IN SULHİ DÖLEK’S STORIES

Soner AKPINAR

Ruken ÇAKAN EVCEN

Black humor, is a criticism tool againts the concepts such as social life, values, politics, belief, morality. In particular, the brutality, deaths and disappearances caused by the two world wars dragged the artists to a dead end. This chaotic process, which will accelerate with the industrial revolution and reach its peak with the world wars, has destroyed many values ​​that artists and men of letters believed in. At this point, black humor has turned into a tool to criticize social situations that are not considered rational. In this process, the work of Andre Breton, the founder of Surrealism, named Black Humor Anthology, which was first published in 1940, brought this old humor technique back to the agenda, which goes back to Ancient Greece. Breton drew its theoretical framework and tried to define its principles.

Sulhi Dölek, who wrote works in many genres of literature, started his literary life in the 1970s. Finding its essence in Mark Twain's phrase "the source of humor is pain", Dölek's unique sense of humor has permeated the climate of all his works. He criticizes the desperation, moral collapse and corruption experienced by people in societies that experience major political, economic or cultural ruptures and the fact that these are shown as if they do not exist despite everything. He makes his criticism mostly through humor. He humiliates the exploitation of the ruled by the ruler for the sake of profit, the deceptions of people's neighbors and colleagues, and the destruction of values ​​by hollowing them out. He shows itself to the society through humor and holds a mirror to it. In this study, which characteristics of Dölek's stories are described as black humor will be evaluated through humor techniques and the place of the artist in our world of humor and literature will be tried to be determined.

Keywords: Sulhi Dölek, Story, Humour, Black Humor, Social Criticism