ESTABLISHMENT OF MODERN DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY: OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS

Hikmet İSKENDER

Natural disasters have been experienced more frequently in recent years for a variety of reasons including technological advances and climate change. These disasters cause a wide variety of problems, such as public health, environmental, and infrastructural problems. Turkey is a developing country and is geographically located in a region where natural disasters occur frequently and most of natural disasters are related to earthquakes. Disaster management systems are implemented to prevent the negative effects of natural disasters such as earthquakes. Marmara Earthquake in 1999 is the milestone of Disaster Management in Turkey and disaster management system changed and became effective after this earthquake. The aim of this study was to examine the earthquakes in Turkey from the past to the present in order to investigate the effects of the disaster management system in our country and make inferences about disaster management by using collected data. In the presented study, an overview of disaster management in Turkey was made, and by examining the functioning of disaster management systems operating in Turkey, the disaster management system for disasters that can be occur has been discussed. This paper evaluate the efficiency of disaster management system in Turkey. With the present paper, inferences about disaster management in Turkey were made with the determinations based on the earthquakes.

Keywords: disaster, management, natural disaster, earthquake, operations, EM-DAT