PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT ON THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE HARRAN PLAIN IN 2020

Mehmet ÖNAL

Süheyla İrem MUTLU

Semih MUTLU

Harran Plain, which has been in an important position since ancient times and is a gateway to Mesopotamia, has lived together with Mesopotamian cultures for ages, providing the relationship between the Anatolian plateau and the plains in the south, and is of great importance in terms of the history of the Near East. In the researches of the Harran Plain Survey 2020, which is the title of our article, the studies carried out in and outside of the Ancient Harran City Wall, primarily by taking the Harran Archaeological Site as the center, were discussed. Then, the dimensions of the settlements found up to 15 km north and northwest of the Ancient Harran City and the periods found in each settlement were evaluated according to the finds. In addition, the relations of these settlements with each other and with the city of Harran were tried to be understood. In this context, the locations, sizes and spreads of the settlements found along the northern line of the Balih River were determined. In addition, by using all the technical and statistical data collected from each settlement, the distribution areas of the settlements in the region, the connections of these settlements with each other, the determination of the settlement patterns, the determination of the cultural structure of the region in every period, the determination of the center and the settlements connected to the center and the lower cities, and the surrounding cultures with the region. relations between them have been tried to be revealed. In this framework, taking the Harran City as the center, the north, northwest, east of the Harran Great Mosque, the southwest, southeast, east and west slopes of the Harran Höyük, as well as the fields around and near the outer wall, and the Harran City are centered on the north, northwest and northeast. The periods and finds found in the settlements visited were evaluated.

Key Words: Harran City, Harran Plain, Archaeological Survey, Settlement Models, Cultures