WOMEN’S STATUS in LABOR MARKET in TURKEY and OTHER SELECTED COUNTRIES

Sevim AKDEMİR

Fatma DAVARCIOĞLU ÖZAKTAŞ

Nagihan AKSOY

In terms of economic growth and development, female participation in the labour market is very important. According to International Labour Organization (ILO) data, while the global labour force participation rate for men is 72% in 2015, women's labour force participation rate is 46%. More than 50% of women in the world are in unemployed labor. Women, which constitute an important part of the global labour force, are outside of the labour market because of gender disparity that exists in many societies. The aim of our study is to examine the cases that prevent women from entering the labour market and the situation in selected countries In our study, we first examined the historical process of gender inequality and women's participation in the labor market. The cases that prevent women's participation in the labor market, their entry into and increase in the labor market are examined in our study. In this study, countries with gender inequality and without gender inequality were selected based on the Gender Inequality index which published by the United Nations Development Programme. These countries are as Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Mexico, Turkey, Yemen, Afghanistan and Egypt. In this context, the employment of women and men in the countries mentioned with ILO data were examined according to gender, sectors and status, and the status of women employment is analyzed. The results of this study show that the ratio of female and male labour force participation in developed countries is nearly equal and ratio of female labour force participation is lower than male labour force participation in the developing countries. In Turkey, the female labour force participation rate was 24.7% in 2000, this rate increased to 27.7% in 2017. Based on this data we can emphasize that approximately one-quarter of women in Turkey are employed in the labour market and 72.3% of women are outside of the labour market. In the Conclusion and Evaluation Section of our study, the importance of women's participation in the labor force and the situations that prevent it are emphasized, and suggestions are given.

Key Words: gender, social gender, women's labor force participation rate, barriers to the labor force participation of women, glass ceiling.