HISTORICAL-SEMANTICAL ANALYSIS OF NUMAN ÇELEBİ CİHAN’S CRIMEAN TATAR NATIONAL ANTHEM: “ANT ETKENMEN” ABSTRACT

Ranetta GAFAROVA

Crimean Tatar’s history is that of agony, exile, sorrow, oppression and persecution, but it is also the history of Crimean Tatar nation’s national struggle. Crimean Tatars’ history has 5 stages: 1. Crimean Khanate Period (1441-1783), 2. Russian Domination: Invasion of Crimea (1783-1917), 3. Crimea during Russian Revolution and Early Bolshevik Reign: Crimean Tatar Republic (1917-1918), 4. Exile Period (1944-1987), 5. Return to Homeland (1987- up to the present). The first three periods are presented in Crimean Tatar National Anthem. National anthems have a significant importance in the histories of nations, as they reflect the national identities. Crimean Tatar National Anthem has been sung and listened with high zest by the majority of the nation in different times and places. So what does it tell to us? What values does it advice us to maintain? What kind of targets does it point out? In order to give satisfactory answers for such questions, we will handle “Ant Etkenmen” in quartets, making use of past studies on History and Linguistics. The name of Crimean Tatar National Anthem is “Ant Etkenmen”, and it was written by Numan Çelebi Cihan, the first president of Crimean Tatar People’s Republic. In our study, important poems in the history of Crimean Tatars, mainly “Ant Etkenmen” (I Vowed) the national anthem of Crimean Tatars written in 1917 by Numan Çelebi Cihan, will be analysed in terms of vowing motif. Our study is based on the both the symbolic languge analysis and the aesthetic aspects of the national anthem in terms of its sound, words, harmony, the world of sense, dream and thought, its lyricism, meter, rhyme, rhtym, language and style. The first three quartets of the anthem focus on the agonies in the history of Crimean Tatars. In the analysis of the poem data received in the field of History will also be made use of.

Keywords: Numan Çelebi Cihan, Crimea, Congress, Struggle, Anthem, Poetry, Semantics, History