IMMIGRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF TURKEY, EDUCATION PROBLEMS AND REPRODUCTION SOCIAL POSITION

Celal İNCE

The phenomenon of migration of the 21st century has been to increase due to social, economic, political and cultural reasons. The process of migration that began to after World War II from Turkey to other countries takes different forms. There are almost 5 million Turkish people live in other countries around the world. The underlying problems that many immigrants faced, the Turkish immigrants also experience these problems in some countries more and in some countries less compare to other immigrants’ groups. There is no doubt that at the beginning of this fundamental problem that Turkish immigrants faced is the new generation’s educational issues and hence comes the reproduction of social position. The countries which mostly Turkish immigrants live; the new generations of Turkish immigrants are not able to have the opportunity of the education process. They are not as good as at the school compared to native children in their host country. Institutionalized discrimination practices are decisive mainly on this process. Furthermore; apathy and ignorance of parents and lack of knowledge about a system of the country’s education on this issue leads to maintaining the social position of taking over the family's next generation. In this study mainly focuses on the children’s educational problems and social positions via using a few European Countries example that the Turkish immigrants mostly live.

Key Words: Immigration and Education, Immigrant Children’s Education, Educational Failure, Educational Inequity.