This article has studied the water mills and creameries, which are one of the small industrial facilities located in Ahıska, Hertvis, Ahılkelek and Bedre sanjaks in the late 16th Century, their numbers, the time duration of works, the amount of taxes are organized into tables. Furthermore, this article has given information about the ruined water mills and creameries; their specific locations are identified and specified in tables. This study has also included the region’s small industrial enterprises in 1870, as well as their numbers, their located villages and its distance with the Ahıska regional center has been clarified in tables. In addition, this article included the names of rivers and waters in which these facilities were operated.
Key Words: Ahiska, Hertvis, Ahilkelek, Bedre, Mill, Creamery