C. Ergun ÇELİK
Language is a natural medium that bolsters social structure. Each nation has common language and a common culture. Language symbolizes unity among different people. Language creates an unshakable unity of all sections of society, constitutes an agreement between all the individuals that make up the nation. Language is the main element to maintain communication between people. House language, on the other hand, is heard and learned by imitating immediate family members. Human beings are born with the ability to talk, mimicking what is being said. Phrases, words or even sound "phonemes" are heard repeatedly at home or in the neighborhood to meet the essential needs of everyday life. House language as different from nation’s main language is only spoken among family members. Nations transmit the cultural heritage through official, main language. Official language mostly finds a place in books in written form. Likewise, language taught in schools is the official language. Turkish language in the form of ‘Istanbul Turkish’ is the most beautiful example of Turkish. Turkish language is the official language used within the Misak-ı Milli borders. It unconditionally bridges all the elements of the state. Nations: All people who live in the same land, binded by language, history, emotions, ideals, traditions and customs. (TDK: Turkish Dictionary, p, 1683). The world's most modern, the most eloquent definition of nation belongs to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the great founder of the Republic of Turkey. "People who contributed to the foundation of the Republic of Turkey" are considered Turkish regardless of their ethnic origins. The main language is the official language of the nation. The official language is the common name for ethnic differences. Mother tongue, or house language have a place in family and surroundings, the official language represents the overall homeland and encompasses all of these families and their life as a whole. Although different ethnic groups live within Misak-ı Milli borders, such as Arabs, Kurds, Circassians, Albanians, Bosnians, Lazs, Turkmens, Zazas, Armenians and Greeks etc., Turkish as official language is the shared language of all these groups, through which they can speak and communicate.
Key Words: Official Language, House Language, Written Language, Spoken Language, Turkish.